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Here's a bibliography of research on smoking in the movies, with the most recent studies listed first:
  • Lee JGL, Agnew-Brune BC, Clapp JA, Blosnich JR (2013) Out smoking on the big screen: tobacco use in LGBT movies, 2000–2011 Tobacco Control doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051288
  • Morgenstern M, Sargent JD, Engels R, Florek E, Hanewinkel R (2013) Smoking in European adolescents: Relation between media influences, family affluence, and migration background. Addictive Behaviors 2013; 38: 2589–2595
  • Lochbuehler K, Kleinjan M, Engels RC. (2013) Does the exposure to smoking cues in movies affect adolescents' immediate smoking behavior? Addict Behav. 2013;38(5):2203-6. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.01.022. Epub 2013 Feb 4
  • Bergamini E, Demidenko E, Sargent JD (2013) Trends in tobacco and alcohol brand placements in popular US movies, 1996 through 2009. JAMA Pediatr Published online May 27, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.393.
  • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) fact sheet on 2012 films
  • Polansky JR, Titus K, Lanning N, Glantz SA (2013) Smoking in top-grossing US movies, 2012. University of California, San Francisco, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
  • Dal Cin S, Stoolmiller M, Sargent JD (2013) Exposure to smoking in movies and smoking initiation among black youth. Am J Prev Med 2013; 44(4):345-50.
  • Morgenstern M, Sargent JD, Engels RC, Scholte RH, Florek E, Hunt K, Sweeting H, Mathis F, Faggiano F, Hanewinkel R (2013) Smoking in movies and adolescent smoking initiation: longitudinal study in six European countries. Am J Prev Med 2013; 44(4):339-44.
  • Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD, Isensee B, Morgenstern M (2012) Smokers' attitude and intention to quit after seeing a movie with smoking. SUCHT 58(5): 327-331.
  • Farrelly MG, Kamyab K, Nonnemaker J, Crankshaw E, Allen JA (2012) Movie smoking and youth initiation: Parsing smoking imagery and other adult content. PLoS One 7(12): e51935. doi:10.1371/journal.pone/0051935.
  • McAfee T, Tynan M (2012) Smoking in Movies: A New Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Core Surveillance Indicator Prev. Chron. Dis. 9:120261.
  • Sargent JD, Tanski S, Stoolmiller M (2012) Influence of motion picture rating on adolescent response to movie smoking. Pediatrics 130:2 228-236 doi:10.1542/peds.2011-1787.
  • Glantz SA, Iaccopucci A, Titus K, Polansky JR (2012) Smoking in Top-Grossing US Movies, 2011. Prev Chronic Dis 9:120170.
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2012) Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. (Highlights)
  • Polansky JR, Glantz SA (2012) California film subsidies and on-screen smoking: Resolving the policy conflict. UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
  • Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD, Karlsdóttir S, Jónsson SH, Mathis F, Faggiano F, Poelen EAP, Scholte R, Florek E, Sweeting H, Hunt K, Morgenstern M (2011) High youth access to movies that contain smoking in Europe compared with the USA. Tob Control doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050050 [epub ahead of print 18 Dec 2011]
  • Millett C, Hanewinkel R, Britton J, Florek E, Faggiano F, Ness A, McKee M, Polansky JR, Glantz SA (2011) European governments should stop subsidizing films with tobacco imagery. Eur J Public Health. 2011 Dec 16. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Cin SD, Stoolmiller M, Sargent JD (2011) When Movies Matter: Exposure to Smoking in Movies and Changes in Smoking Behavior. J Health Commun. 2011 Nov 15. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Tanski S, Stoolmiller M, Gerrard M, Sargent JD (2011) Moderation of the association between media exposure and youth smoking onset: Race/ethnicity, and parent smoking. Prev Sci doi: 10.1007/s11121-011-0244-3
  • World Health Organization (2011) Smoke-free movies: from evidence to action (2 ed). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
  • Glantz S, Polansky J. (2011) Movies with smoking make less money. Tob Control doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050023.
  • Lyons A, Britton J (2011) Protecting young people from smoking imagery in films: whose responsibility? Thorax 66:844-846 doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2011-200789.
  • Waylen AE, Leary SD, Ness AR, Tanski SE, Sargent JD (2011) Cross-sectional association between smoking depictions in films and adolescent tobacco use nested in a British cohort study. Thorax 66:856-861 doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2011-200053.
  • Hunt K, Henderson M, Wight D, Sargent JD (2011) Exposure to smoking in films and own smoking among Scottish adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Thorax 66:866-874 doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2011-200095.
  • Morgenstern M, Poelen EAP, Scholte R, Karlsdottir S, Jonsson SH, Mathis F, Faggiano F, Florek E, Sweeting H, Hunt K, Sargent JD, Hanewinkel R (2011) Smoking in movies and adolescent smoking: cross-cultural study in six European countries. Thorax 66:875-883 doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2011-200489
  • Millett C, Polansky J, Glantz (2011) Government Inaction on Ratings and Government Subsidies to the US Film Industry Help Promote Youth Smoking. PLoS Medicine 8(8): e1001077. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001077
  • Chapman S, Farrelly MC (2011) Four Arguments against the Adult-Rating of Movies with Smoking Scenes. PLoS Medicine 8(8): e1001078. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001078 (Comment: Demeaning science to support a philosophical position)
  • Glantz S, Mitchell S, Titus K, Polansky JR, Kaufmann R, Bauer U (2011) Smoking in top-grossing movies - United States, 2010. MMWR 60: 909-913. (Company codes: A=Time Warner, B=Comcast (Universal), C= Disney, D=Viacom (Paramount), E=News Corporation, F=Sony, I=Independents)
  • Hunt K, Henderson M, Wight D, Sargent JD (2011) Exposure to smoking in films and own smoking among Scottish adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Thorax July 15 epub ahead of publication
  • Arora M, Mathus N, Gupta VK, Nazar GP, Reddy KS, Sargent JD (2011) Tobacco use in Bollywood movies, tobacco promotional activities and their association with tobacco use among Indian adolescents. Tob Control 2011 [epub ahead of print]
  • Grana RA, Glantz SA, Ling PM (2011) Electronic nicotine delivery systems in the hands of Hollywood. Tob Control 2011 Jun 9. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Lochbuehler K, Voogd H, Scholte RH, Engels RC (2011) Attentional bias in smokers: exposure to dynamic smoking cues in contemporary movies. J Psychopharmacol. 2011 Apr;25(4):514-9.
  • Cullen J, Sokol NA, Slawek D, Allen JA, Vallone D, Healton C (2011) Depictions of tobacco use in 2007 broadcast television programming popular among US youth. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:147-151.
  • Sargent JD (2011) Conflicts of interest: When media conglomerates rate their productions. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:181-182.
  • Wagner DD, Dal Cin S, Sargent JD, Kelley WM, Healtherton TF (2011) Spontaneous Action Representation in Smokers when Watching Movie Characters Smoke. J. Neuroscience 31: 894-898.
  • de Leew RN, Sargent JD. Stoolmiller M, Scholte RH, Engels RCME, Takski S (2011) Association of smoking onset with R-rated movie restrictions and adolescent sensation seeking. Pediatrics 127:e96-e105.
  • Glantz SA, Titus K, Mitchell S, Polansky J, Kaufmann R (2010) Smoking in top-grossing movies —United States, 1991-2009. MMWR 59(32);1014-1017.
  • Polansky JR (2010) Tobacco vector: How American movies, Canadian film subsidies and provincial rating practices will kill 43,000 Canadian teens alive today and what Canadian governments can do about it. Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada.
  • Polansky JR, Mitchell S, Glantz SA (2010) Film-Flam: How MPAA/NATO movie labels hide the biggest media risk to kids. UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education.
  • Shadel WG, Martino SC, Haviland A, Setodji C, Primack BA (2010) Smoking motives in movies are important for understanding adolescent smoking: A prelimary investigation. Nic Tob Res 12: 850-854.
  • Hanewinkel R, Isensee B, Sargent JD, Morgenstern M (2010) Effect of an antismoking advertisement on cinema patrons' perception of smoking and intention to smoke: a quasi-experimental study. Addiction 105(7):1269-77.
  • Glantz S (2010) Commentary on Hanewinkel et al. (2010): Anti-smoking advertisments vaccinate movie viewers against effects of on-screen smoking. Addiction 105(7):1278-9.
  • Viswanath K, Ackerson LK, Sorensen G, Gupta PC (2010) Movies and TV Influence Tobacco Use in India: Findings from a National Survey. PLoSOne 5(6): e11365.
  • Samet JM (2010) Smoking in movies: when will the saga end? Tobacco Control 19:173-174
  • Millett C, Glantz SA (2010) Assigning an ‘18’ rating to movies with tobacco imagery is essential to reduce youth smoking (editorial). Thorax 65:377-378.
  • Lyons A, McNeill A, Chen Y (2010) Tobacco and tobacco branding in films most popular in the UK from 1989 to 2008. Thorax 65:417-422.
  • Jamieson PE, Romer D. (2010) Trends in US movie tobacco portrayal since 1950: A historical analysis. Tobacco Control 19:179-184.
  • Shmueli D, Prochaska J, Glantz S (2010) Effect of Smoking Scenes in Films on Immediate Smoking: A Randomized Controlled Study. Am. J. Prev. Med. 38:351-358.
  • Anderson SJ, Millett C, Polansky JR, Glantz SA (2010) Exposure to smoking in movies among British adolescents 2001-2006. Tobacco Control 19:197-200.
  • Tickle JJ, Beach ML, Dalton MA (2009) Tobacco, alcohol and other risk behaviors in film: How well do MPAA ratings distinguish content? J. Heath Comm. 14:756-767.
  • Blake KD, Viswanath K, Blendon RJ, Vallone D (2010) The role of reported tobacco-specific media exposure on adult attitudes toward proposed policies to limit the portrayal of smoking in movies. Tobacco Control 19: 191-196.
  • Harakeh Z, Engels R, Vohs K, van Baaren R, Sargent J (2009) Exposure to movie smoking, antismoking ads, and smoking intensity:An experimental study with a factorial design. Tobacco Control doi:10.1136/tc.2009.030684.
  • Wilkinson AV, Spitz MR, Prokhorov AV, Bondy ML, Shete S, Sargent JD (2009) Exposure to smoking imagery in the movies and experimenting with cigarettes among Mexican heritage youth. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:3435-3443.
  • Thrasher JF, Sargent JD, Huang L, Arillo-Santillán E, Dorantes-Alonso A, Pérez-Hernández R (2009) Does film smoking promote youth smoking in middle-income countries?: A longitudinal study among Mexican adolescents. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:3444-3450.
  • Longacre MR, Adachi-Mejia AM, Titus-Ernstoff L, Gibson JJ, Beach ML, Dalton MA (2009) Parental attitudes about cigarette smoking and alcohol use in the Motion Picture Association of America rating system Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 163(3):218-224.
  • Lochbuehler K, Engels RC, Scholte RH (2009) Influence of smoking cues in movies on craving among smokers. Addiction 104(12):2102-9.
  • Polansky J, Glantz S (2009) Taxpayer subsidies for US films with tobacco imagery. UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education.
  • Sargent JD, Morgenstern M, Isensee B, Hanewinkel R (2009) Movie smoking and urge to smoke among adult smokers. Nicotine Tobacco Res 11(9):1042-1046.
  • Adachi-Mejia AM, Primack BA, Beach ML, Titus-Ernstoff L, Longacre MR, Weiss JE, Dalton MA (2009) Influence of movie smoking exposure and team sports participation on established smoking. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163(7):638-643.
  • Tanski S, Stoolmiller M, Dal Cin S, Worth K (2009) Movie character smoking and adolescent smoking: Who matters more, good guys or bad guys? Pediatrics 124:135-143.
  • World Health Organization (2009) Smoke-free movies: from evidence to action. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
  • Polansky J, Titus K, Glantz S (2009) Two years later: Are MPAA's tobacco labels protecting movie audiences? UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
  • Heatherton TF, Sargent JD (2009) Does watching smoking in movies promote teenage smoking? Curr Dir Psych Sci 18:63-67.
  • Sargent JD, Hanewinkel R (2009) Comparing the effects of entertainment media and tobacco marketing on youth smoking in Germany. Addiction 104:815-823. Commentary and response.
  • Dalton M, Beach M, Adachi-Mejia A, Longacre M., Matzkin A., Sargent J, Heatherton T, Titus-Ernstoff L (2009) Early exposure to movie smoking predicts established smoking by older teens and young adults. Pediatrics 123: e551-e558.
  • Titus K, Polansky J, Glantz S (2009) Smoking Presentation Trends in U.S. Movies 1991-2008. UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
  • Hanewinkel R (2009) Cigarette smoking and perception of a movie character in a film trailer. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163(1):15-18.
  • Chapman S (2008) What should be done about smoking in movies? Tobacco Control 17:363-367 [Responses: Late to the Party, Smoking in Movies Requires Action Now, Business as Usual, ...]
  • Sargent J, Gibson J, Heatherton H (2009) Comparing the effects of entertainment media and tobacco marketing on youth smoking. Tobacco Control 8(1):47-53.
  • Lum KL, Polansky JR, Jackler RK, Glantz SA (2008) Signed, sealed and delivered: Big Tobacco in Hollywood, 1927-1951. Tobacco Control 17: 313-323.
  • US National Cancer Institute (2008) Monograph 19: The Role of the Media in Promoting and Reducing Tobacco Use. Bethesda, MD: US National Institutes of Health.
  • Thrasher JF, Jackson C, Arillo-Santillan E,Sargent JD (2008) Exposure to smoking imagery in popular films and adolescent smoking in Mexico. Am J Prev Med 35(2):95-102.
  • BMA Board of Science (2008) Forever cool: the influence of smoking imagery on young people. London: British Medical Association.
  • Wills TA, Sargent JD, Stoolmiller M, Gibbons FX, Gerrard M (2008) Movie smoking exposure and smoking onset: A longitudinal study of mediation processes in a representative sample of U.S. adolescents. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 22(2):269-277.
  • Polansky J, Titus K, Glantz S (2008) One year later: Are MPAA's tobacco labels protecting audiences? University of California, San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
  • Sargent JD, Worth KA, Beach M, Gerrard M, Heatherton TF (2008) Population-based assessment of exposure to risk behaviors in motion pictures. Comm. Methods Measures 2:134-151.
  • Ota A, Akimaru K, Suzuki S, Ono Y (2008) Depictions of smoking in recent high-grossing Japanese movies. Tobacco Control 17:143-144.
  • Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD (2008) Exposure to smoking in internationally distributed American movies and youth: Smoking in Germany: A cross-cultural cohort study. Pediatrics 121;e108-e117.
  • Titus-Ernstoff L, Dalton MA, Adachi-Mejia AM. Longacre MR, Beach ML (2008) Longitudinal study of viewing smoking in movies and initiation of smoking by children. Pediatrics 2008;121;15-21.
  • Polansky J, Titus K, Glantz S (2007) Six months later: Are MPAA's tobacco ratings protecting movie audiences? University of California, San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
  • Kachroo S, Etzel CJ, Wilkinson AV (2007) Do current government policies sufficiently regulate the interaction between viewing smoking in movies and adolescent smoking behavior? Am J Addict. 16(6):532-3
  • Wills TA, Sargent JD, Stoolmiller M, et. al (2007) Movie exposure to smoking cues and adolescent smoking onset: a test for mediation through peer affiliations. Health Psychol. 26(6):769-76.
  • St Romain T, Hawley SR, Ablah E, Kabler BS, Molgaard CA (2007) Tobacco use in silent film: precedents of modern-day substance use portrayals. J Community Health 32(6):413-8.
  • Keilah A, Worth KA, Duke J, Green M., Sargent JD (2007) Character Smoking in Top Box Office Movies. American Legacy Foundation, First Look Report 18.
  • Song AV, Ling PM, Neilands TB, Glantz SA (2007) Smoking in movies and increased smoking among young adults. Am. J. Prev. Med. 33(5):396-403.
  • Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD (2007) Exposure to smoking in popular contemporary movies and youth smoking in Germany. Am. J. Prev. Med. 32(6):466-73.\
  • Hanewinkel R, Wiborg G (2007) Smoking in contemporary German television programming. Int J Public Health 52:308-312.
  • Laugesen M, Scragg R., Wellman RJ, DiFranza JR (2007) R-rated film viewing and adolescent smoking. Preventive Medicine doi:10,1016/jpmed.2007.07.025.
  • Sargent JD, Stoolmiller M, Worth KA, et. al (2007) Exposure to smoking depictions in movies: Its association with established adolescent smoking. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med. 161:849-856.
  • Dal Cin S, Gibson B, Zanna MP, Shumate R, Fong GT (2007) Smoking in movies, implicit associations of smoking with the self, and intentions to smoke. Psychol Sci. 18:559-63.
  • Edwards C, Oakes W, Bull, D (2007) Out of the smokescreen II: will an advertisement targeting the tobacco industry affect young people’s perception of smoking in movies and their intention to smoke? Tobacco Control 6:177-181.
  • Institute of Medicine (2007) Ending the Tobacco Problem: A Blueprint for the Nation. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. May 24, 2007.
  • Sargent JD, Tanski SE, Gibson J (2007) Exposure to movie smoking among US adolescents aged 10 to 14 years: A population estimate. Pediatrics 119:e1167-e1176.
  • Polansky J, Glantz S (2007) First-Run Smoking Presentations in U.S. Movies 1999-2006. University of California Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
  • Islam SMS, Johnson CA (2007) Western media's influence on Egyptian adolescents' smoking behavior: The mediating role of positive beliefs about smoking. Nicotine Tob. Res. 9:57-64.
  • Jackson C, Brown JD, L'Engle KL (2007) R-Rated movies, bedroom televisions, and initiation of smoking by white and black adolescents. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med. 161:260-268.
  • McMillen RC, Tanski S, Winickoff JP, Valentine N (2007) Attitudes about smoking in the movies. Social Climate Survey of Tobacco Control. Mississippi State University Social Science Research Center, American Academy of Pediatrics.
  • Wellman RJ, Sugarman DB, DiFranza JR, Winickoff JP (2006) The extent to which tobacco marketing and tobacco use in films contribute to children's use of tobacco. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med. 160:1285-1296.
  • Worth KA, Cin SD, Sargent JD (2006) Prevalence of smoking among major movie characters: 1996–2004. Tobacco Control 15:442-446.
  • Dalton MA, Adachi-Mejia AM, Longacre MR, et al. (2006) Children’s risk for smoking and drinking parental rules and monitoring of children’s movie viewing associated with childrens' risk for smoking and drinking. Pediatrics 118;1932-1942.
  • Healton CG, Watson-Stryker E, et al. (2006) Televised movie trailers: Undermining restrictions on advertising tobacco to youth. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med. 160:885-888.
  • Worth K, Tanski S, Sargent J (2006) Trends in Top Box Office Movie Tobacco Use: 1996-2004. American Legacy Foundation First Look Report 16.
  • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2006) Cigarette use among high school atudents -- United States, 1991--2005. MMWR 55(26);724-726.
  • LeGresley E, Muggli M, Hurt R (2006) Movie moguls: British American Tobacco's covert strategy to promote cigarettes in Easter Europe. Eur. J. Pub. Health doi:10,1093/eurpub/ckl041. (Report in British Medical Journal)
  • Sargent J (2006) Smoking in film and impact on adolescent smoking: with special reference to European adolescents. Minerva Pediatrica 58:27-45.
  • Alamar B, Glantz S (2006) Tobacco industry profits from smoking in the movies. Pediatrics 117:1642.
  • Charlesworth A, Glantz S (2006) Tobacco and the movie industry. Clin Occup Environ Med. 5:73-84.
  • Goswami H, Kashyap R (2006) Tobacco in Movies and Impact on Youth. Burning Brain Society (India).
  • Charlesworth A, Glantz S (2006) Smoking in the movies increases adolescent smoking: A review. Pediatrics 116 (6):1516-1528.
  • Sargent JD, Beach ML, et al. (2005) Exposure to movie smoking: its relation to smoking initiation among US adolescents. Pediatrics 116(5):1183-91.
  • American Legacy Foundation (2005) Public Opinion on Strategies to Reduce Youth Exposure to Smoking in the Movies: Results from the American Smoking and Health Survey (Policy Report 3).
  • Sargent JD (2005) Smoking in movies: Impact on adolescent smoking. Adolesc. Med. 16: 345-370.
  • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005) Tobacco use, access, and exposure to tobacco in media among middle and high school students --- United States, 2004. MMWR 54(12):297-301.
  • Omidvari K, Lessnau K, et al. (2005) Smoking in contemporary American cinema. Chest 128: 746-754.
  • Polansky JR, Glantz S (2005) Clearing tobacco from films would avert deaths worldwide at virtually no cost. Global Health & Environment Monitor 13(2):3-5.
  • Dozier DM, Lauzen MM, et al. (2005) Leaders and elites: Portrayals of smoking in popular films.Tobacco Control 14: 7-9.
  • Lambert A, Sargent J, et al. (2004) How Philip Morris unlocked the Japanese cigarette market: lessons for global tobacco control. Tobacco Control 13: 400-402.
  • Mekemson C, Glik D, et al. (2004) Tobacco use in popular movies during the past decade. Tobacco Control 13: 400-402.
  • Ryan EL, Hoerrner KL (2004) Let your concience be your guide: Smoking and drinking in Disney's animated classics. Mass Communication & Society 7: 261-278.
  • Edwards CA, Harris WC, et al. (2004) Out of the Smokescreen: Does an anti-smoking advertisement affect young women’s perception of smoking in movies and their intention to smoke? Tobacco Control 13:277-282.
  • McCool JP, Cameron L, Petrie K (2004) Stereotyping the smoker: adolescents’ appraisals of smokers in film. Tobacco Control 13:308-314.
  • Thompson KM, Yokota F (2004) Violence, sex, and profanity in films: Correlation of movie ratings with content. Medscape General Medicine 6(3): 480900.
  • Sargent JD, Beach ML, et al. (2004) Effect of parental R-rated movie restriction on adolescent smoking initiation: A prospective study Pediatrics 114:149 –156.
  • Distefan JM, Pierce JB, Gilpin EA (2004) Do favorite movie stars influence adolescent smoking initiation? Am. J. Public Health 94:1239-1244.
  • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2004) Cigarette Use Among High School Students --- United States, 1991--2003. MMWR 53(23);499-502.
  • Polansky JR, Glantz, SA (2004) First-Run Smoking Presentations in U.S. Movies 1999-2003. University of California San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
  • Glantz SA, Kacirk K, McCullough C (2004) Back to the Future: Smoking in movies in 2002 compared with 1950 levels. Am. J. Pub. Health 94:261-263.
  • Wakefield M, Flay B, et. al (2003) Role of media in influencing trajectories of youth smoking. Addiction 98(suppl 1):79-103.
  • Watson NA, Clarkson JP, et. al (2003) Filthy or fashionable? Young people's perceptions of smoking in the media. Health Education Research 18:554-567.
  • Sargent JD, Dalton MA, et. al (2003) Modifying exposure to smoking depicted in movies: A novel approach to preventing adolescent smoking. Arch. Pediatric Adolesc. Med. 157:643-648.
  • Dalton MA, Sargent JD, et. al (2003) Effect of viewing smoking in movies on adolescent smoking initiation: A cohort study. The Lancet 362(9380):281-285. (Reprinted with permission of The Lancet.) Summary of Study.
  • Glantz SA (2003) Smoking in movies: A major problem and a real solution. The Lancet 362(9380):281-285. (Reprinted with permission of The Lancet.) Summary of Study.
  • McCool JP, Cameron LD, Petrie KJ (2003) Interpretations of smoking in film by older teenagers. Soc. Science & Medicine 56:1023-1032
  • Policy Analysis and Communications/World Health Organization Tobacco Free Initiative. (2003) Bollywood: Victim or Ally: A Study on the Portrayal of Tobacco in India Cinema.
  • Massachusetts Public Interest Research Group (2002) Tobacco at the Movies.
  • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002) Trends in Cigarette Smoking Among High School Students -- United States, 1991--2001. MMWR May 17, 2002 / 51(19);409-412.
  • Dalton MA, Tickle JJ, et. al (2002) The incidence and context of tobacco use in popular movies from 1988 to 1997. Preventive Med. 34:516-523.
  • Mekemson C, Glantz S (2002) How the tobacco industry built its relationship with Hollywood. Tobacco Control 11:i81-i91
  • Sargent JD, Dalton MA, et. al (2002) Viewing tobacco use in movies: Does it shape attitudes that mediate adolescent smoking? Am. J. Prev. Med. 22:137-145.
  • Dalton MA, Ahrens MB, et. al (2002) Relation between parental restrictions on movies and adolescent use of tobacco and alcohol. Effective Clinical Practice 5:1-10.
  • Glantz S (2002) Rate movies with smoking "R". Effective Clinical Practice 5:31-34.
  • Woloshin S, Schwartz LM (2002) Smoke-free movies: Sense or censorship? Effective Clinical Practice 5:31-34.
  • Gidwani P, Sobol A, et al. (2002) Television viewing and initiation of smoking among youth. Pediatrics 5:31-34.
  • Dixon HG, Hill DJ, et al. (2001) Public reaction to the portrayal of the tobacco industry in the film The Insider. Tobacco Control 10:285–291.
  • Sargent JD, Beach M L, et. al (2001) Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: Cross sectional study. Br. Med. J 323:1394-7.
  • Glantz S (2001) Smoking in teenagers and watching films showing smoking: Hollywood needs to stop promoting smoking worldwide. Br. Med. J. 323:1378-9.
  • Kacirk K, Glantz S (2001) Smoking in movies in 2000 exceeded rates in the 1960s. Tobacco Control 10: 397-398.
  • Pechmann C (2001). A comparison of health communication models: Risk learning versus stereotype priming. Media Psychology, Volume 3, 189-210.
  • Tickle JJ, Sargent JD, et. al (2001) Favourite movie stars, their tobacco use in contemporary films, and its association with adolescent smoking. Tobacco Control 10: 16-22.
  • Sargent J, Tickle J, et al. (2001) Brand appearances in contemporary cinema films and contribution to global marketing of cigarettes. Lancet 357: 29-32.
  • Escamilla G, Cradock A, et al. (2000). Women and smoking in Hollywood movies: A content analysis. Am. J. Public Health 90(3): 412-414.
  • Federal Trade Commission (2000) Marketing Violent Entertainment To Children: A Review Of Self-Regulation And Industry Practices In The Motion Picture, Music Recording & Electronic Game Industries: A Report Of The Federal Trade Commission, Washington, DC.
  • Glantz S, Balbach E (2000) Tobacco War, Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Gibson B, Maurer J (2000) Cigarette smoking in the movies: The influence of product placement on attitudes toward smoking and smokers. J. Applied Social Psychology 30(7):1457-1473.
  • Hines D, Saris RN, Throckmorton-Belzer L (2000) Cigarette smoking in popular films: Does it increase viewers' liklihood to smoke? J. Applied Social Psychology 30: 2246-2269
  • Shields DL, Carol J, et al. (1999) Hollywood on tobacco: How the entertainment industry understands tobacco portrayal. Tobacco Control 8(4): 378-86.
  • Pechmann C, Shih C (1999) Smoking in movies and antismoking advertisements before movies: Effects on youth. J. Marketing 63(3): 1-13.
  • Distefan J, Gilpin E, et al. (1999) Do movie stars encourage adolescents to start smoking? Evidence from California. Prev. Med. 28: 1-11.
  • Teti T, Glantz S (1998) Smoking in movies remained high in 1997. Tobacco Control 7: 441-442.
  • Everett S, Schnuth R, et al. (1998) Tobacco and alcohol use in top-grossing American films. J. Community Health 23(4): 317-324.
  • McIntosh WD, Bazzini DG, et al. (1998) Who smokes in Hollywood? Characteristics of smokers in popular films from 1940 to 1989. Addictive Behaviors 23(3):395-398.
  • Stockwell T, Glantz S (1997) Tobacco use in increasing popular films. Tobacco Control 6: 282-284.
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